Rei

Monday, August 08, 2005

Research Paper -Hunger in India, Solutions from three fields-

I came to think about hunger since I watched the TV program which theme is “Life expectancy”. When we hear the word “hunger”, we tend to imagine a child whose stomach is bloated and their arms and legs are skinny. Besides we probably know that a lot of people die everyday. In fact, 25,000 people die everyday. What is worse, a child dies every 5 seconds in the world (S.Sisulu, 2005, para.12). It is said that one of the causes of this is over-population. India is one typical case. The second largest population makes the problem more serious. Practically, 25% of world’s hungry people live in India (Hindustan Times, June 12, 2005, para.9). About 275 million people in India live on less than $1 a day (K.Hughes, 2005, para.1). In addition, in India, an average rate of growth of agriculture is under 1.5%, which is lower than population growth that is 2.2% each year (Hindustan Times, May 28, 2005, para.3). If the growth of food production becomes unable to follow the growth of population, it will be catastrophic famine in the near future. It needs to be solved as fast as possible. We now have three solutions from different fields, Indian government, International organization, and the Indian people.

First, support from Indian governments is the most necessary. Above all, they have to supply food to the poor people. S.Sisulu, from the Global News Wire, claims that although the population increase still continues, the amount of food aid to India has decreased from 15 million tons in 1999 to 10 million tons in 2003 (2005, para.8). What sort of cruel contradiction? The population is more and more increasing; by comparison, the amount of food aid is declining though it needs more. It might cost an enormous budget and take a long time. However, it must not be ignored. The hungry people can’t wait for a long time. Of course they can’t live without food. Moreover, the middle class Indians must not content their life without knowing this problem. In India, because of unfair distribution, even if there is enough food, the people in the lower class cannot get the food. In fact, a few years ago, there was food surplus in India (Hindustan Times, May 28, 2005, para.6). It couldn’t exist food surplus in India unless there were the hungry people. However, Indian government didn’t know how to deal with it. Therefore, they exported the food to Europe and Japan as forage for pigs and cows instead of giving the food to the hungry people (Hindustan Times, May 28, 2005, para.6). Why didn’t the government know how to deal with it? They had to know existence of the hungry people. Indian government must emphasize distribution. The middle class or upper class Indians only need food corresponds to the number of people. It should not be much or less. Moreover, “redistribution of land” is recommended to produce their food (P.Bardhan, 2003, p.10). If land is distributed from large to small farmers, the land will be used effectively. It will improve the production of food. In a sense, it will also provide working place to the poor people. In addition, government has to use budget for maintaining infrastructure and public welfare. K.Hughes, from the International Herald Tribune, claims that Indian government supports the plan, which aims to improve the social and physical conditions (2005, para.6). Such as these plans should be encouraged more. For example, they need to maintain roads and water supply for making their basic life. They also need to establish hospitals, schools, and police offices for their minimum institutions. Their life would be based on these public utilities. If the poor people can work to build these utilities, they can earn money for food. What is more, public welfare should be provided. For example, to prepare enough health care is important. To provide health care to women would eventually prevent excessive growth of population. Such public welfare would also keep sanitation of surrounding good condition. It would prevent epidemic diseases. It would be big help for the poor people, as long as it is provided all of them. Also for these reason, they have to maintain their basic condition.

Second, International organizations should help developing countries. Nowadays, we place a special emphasis on international organizations. According to the Hindustan Times, there was an event that it was collaboration WFP (World Food Program) and TNT (Tuner Network Television) that aims to raise awareness people to help the poor (2005, June 12, para.1). 200,000 people in 200 cities across 90 countries participated this event (Hindustan Times, June 12, 2005, para.3, 5). They walked around their own city with holding flags and appeal to the citizens the reality of the hunger. They also aim to inform people of the importance of helping the poor people. According to the Hindustan Times, this event of this year aims to raise money more than $2.5 million (June 12, 2005, para.13). I think such a worldwide charity is very effective to inform the problem. Sisulu claims that because the children die in silence, we don't care too much although starvation occurs everyday (2005, para.13). Although we know the fact that a lot of people die from hunger everyday, we tend to get used to this fact. If a jumbo jet full of children crashed every 30 minutes everyday of the year, we would change the attitude (S.Sisulu, 2005, para.13). Although the exact same number of children dies from hunger everyday, we are horrifically getting used to this kind of news. We have to know the reality and take it more seriously. Thus International organizations should continue this kind of charity. They have to undertake the most important mission which inform of the reality to all of the world. Of course their job is not only this. They have to raise the fund. It is said that the poor children can go to school and eat healthy food by only 19 cents a day (Hindustan Times, June 12, 2005, para.6). Is it a lot of money? Absolutely not. They and we have to start acting to raise fund not only for their natural life but also their hopeful future.

Finally, I think it is the most important and hardest but most effective solution, Indian people help them by themselves. For example, there is a women’s program for teaching from education to housekeeping, health care and job training (K.Hughes, 2005, para.8). In this program, women learn literacy at first, and then they can learn about better nutrition in food and health care for their children. There is also a millionaire who helps the poor people by his wealth to lead designers, doctors, cultural institutes and top school (K.Hughes, 2005, para.13). He helps to improve their skills and give them to equipment for work (K.Hughes, 2005, para.13). He aims to breed them to manage their own business. Hughes mentions that both of them eventually aim to put back their services to other poor people for cheap or free (2005, para.14). In my opinion, making such a good cycle is the most important for them to be independent. The people who learn how to manage business can teach the next people. The people who earned money from their own jobs can employ other poor people. They can enlarge their business as like this. Such people also can create their own community; thus they can make their own well-ordered society. Besides, they can offer their services to rich people for expensive cost. Even if they offer expensive services, that cost is still cheap for rich people. If the cycle turns well as like this, the hunger problem would be solved soon. Recently, this kind of solution becomes increasingly popular. P.Bardhan also claims that expanding their opportunities for remunerative employment is the most important to help the poor people (2003, p.4). After all, it is crucial to provide occupation for earning money for food. Therefore, they need working place as fast as possible. In order to succeed, we should lead them at first as an advanced country. For example, we can give education services and business training. We can send teachers to there and teach literacy to the poor people. We can also contribute equipment for school and business. I believe this solution is the best and definite way to solve this problem. Moreover, it will be first step to their independence.

In conclusion, to solve the hunger problem in India, we have to work on together. First, support from government has to be encouraged more. They have a liability to solve this problem as a leader of India. Second, International organizations need to inform the reality to all people. They also have to raise the food aid and fund as a leader of other countries. We have to support them not only money or food but also education or health care as an advanced country. Finally, the poor Indian people can start working to solve this problem. In my opinion, I strongly want Indian people to work themselves. It sounds severe to them but to solve the problem, they can't always rely on others. I think it is the fastest way to solve the problem because they can be independent. In addition, I think that we have to emphasize distribution not only in India but also every country. Especially in advanced countries, there must be waste of food. Nowadays every supermarkets and restaurants throw their surplus away without concern. To reduce such waste can be the first step to eradicate the hunger. When these three solutions can work at the same time and redistribution is realized, this problem will be solved.

Argument Essay -The solutions for hunger in India-

Humans need to eat. Humans can’t live without eating food. However, there are a lot of people who can’t eat enough. This problem is called “hunger”. This problem becomes more serious in the world. The cause is mainly over-population. One typical case is India. The second largest population makes the problem more serious. It is said that 25% of hungry people of the world live in India (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.9). Nowadays, over-population also becomes big problem, so we have to take this problem seriously. Solutions we have now from different fields are government, International organization, and themselves.

Support from Indian governments is the most necessary. First, above all, they have to supply food to the poor people. Sisulu claims that although the population increase still continues the amount of food aid to India has decreased from 15 million tons in 1999 to 10 million tons in 2003 (Sisulu.S, 2005, para.8). What sort of cruel contradiction? There is no time for the governments to pay for other problem such as war. In addition, they have to use budget for maintaining infrastructure and public welfare. Ali.N claims, “The hunger is the common responsibility of the corporate world, society and the government.” (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.12) They should change their view.

Nowadays, we place a special emphasize on international organizations. WFP (World Food Program) takes place the event called “Global walk” every year. 200,000 people in 200 cities across 90 countries participated this event (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.3, 5). They aim to aware people to know the importance of helping the poor. Sisulu claims that because of its silence makes us not knowing although starvation occurs everyday. If a jumbo jet full of children crashed every 30 minutes, we would change the attitude. Isn’t it enough yet the fact that the completely same number of children dies because of hunger everyday? International organization has to undertake the most important mission which inform people all of the world to the reality.

A solution from different point of view is carrying out these days. It is that the poor help them by themselves. There is a women’s program for teaching from education to housekeeping, health care and job training. There is also the millionaire who helps them by his wealth to lead designers, doctors, cultural institutes and top school. Hughes mentions that both of them eventually aim to put back their services to other poor for cheap or free (para.14). I think that making such a good cycle is the most important for them to be independent. If the cycle turns well, the hunger problem would be solve soon. I believe this solution is the most important and effective for this problem. Moreover, it will be first step to their independence.

In conclusion, we have to work on together. We have to support them not only money or food but also education or health care as a developed country. In addition, we should take this problem more serious and work on hard. There is no time for arguing other problems.


References:

Hughes,K. (2005, May 9). Help the poor help themselves. International Herald Tribune.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Food for thought (2005, May 28). Hindustan Times.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Global walk to help fight hunger (2005, June 12). Hindustan Times.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Sisulu.S. (2005, January 24). A hungry child dies every 5 seconds, but do we care? Hindustan Times. Retrieved July 22, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Research Proposal -Hunger in India-

I came to think about hunger since I watched the TV program which theme is “life expectancy”. When we hear the word “hunger”, we tend to think that it is the problem of African area. 25,000 people die everyday and a child dies every 5 seconds in the world (Sisulu.S, 2005, para.12). However, this problem becomes common in all of the world today because of over population and less support. India is one typical case. Practically, 25% of world’s hungry people live in India (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.9). In addition, an average rate of growth of agriculture is under 1.5%, which is lower than population growth that is 2.2% each year (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.3). We have to think of this problem as “our” problem.

I plan on writing that the three solutions which are effective to solve this problem. First, government should work hard to help the poor. It might cost an enormous budget and take a long time. However, it must not be ignored. Hughes.K claims that government of India supports the plan, which aims to improve the social and physical conditions (2005, para.6). Such as these plans should be encouraged more.

Second, International organization should help developing country. According to Hindustan Times, there was an event that is collaboration WFP (World Food Program) and TNT that aims to raise awareness people to help the poor. 200,000 people in 200 cities across 90 countries participated this event (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.3, 5). I think such a worldwide charity is very effective to know the problem. Sisulu claims that it isn’t enough to inform the problem to the world. She says that we will change our attitude and think it more serious if a jumbo jet full of children crashed every 30 minutes (Sisulu.S, 2005, para.14). We have to know the reality and take it seriously.

Finally, I think it is the most important and hardest but most effective thing, they help them by themselves. There is a women’s program for teaching from education to housekeeping, health care and job training. There is also the millionaire who helps them by his wealth to lead designers, doctors, cultural institutes and top school. Hughes mentions that both of them eventually aim to put back their services to other poor for cheap or free (para.14). I think that making such a good cycle is the most important for them to be independent.
We tend to think that helping the poor depend on just only money or food. However, there is a new point of view, “help by themselves”. I think it is the best and most definite way to solve this problem. Therefore, we have to support them not only money or food but also education or health care as a developed country. There is no time to waste money for war.


References:

Hughes,K. (2005, May 9). Help the poor help themselves. International Herald Tribune.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Food for thought (2005, May 28). Hindustan Times.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Synthesis Quiz -Energy-

Nowadays, we face the problem of energy shortage. It is said that oil, the essential energy source for human, will disappear in the near future. We are using oil for almost everything now. We won’t be able to live without oil. I think there are two solutions to reduce the use of oil.

First, we have to increase the fuel-efficiency. According to Miller (1994), at least 10 companies developed high fuel-efficient cars, 29-59 kilometers per liter (67-138 miles per gallon), since 1985 (p.85). Cars are essential utilities for human these days. Especially in the U.S., there are almost only cars instead of people on the roads. Lovins mentions that if the U.S. wants to save oil and money, they have to stop driving so much (1994, p.78). If we use fuel efficient cars, we can drive same distance with less oil. Even if it costs high when you buy it, it will set off by fuel saving (Miller, 1994, p.85).

Second, we have to stop wasting energy and start using alternative energy. Richardson claims that the U.S. uses 2.5 billion barrels of oil per year (1994, p.17). She also warns that excessive use of oil leads to air pollution and harming environment (p.17). To solve this problem, renewable energy is effective. The most popular renewable energy is solar energy. Elliot mentions that solar energy is used to heat and cool houses, power vehicles, and to help run factories (1995, p.2). However, she also refers to the disadvantage of solar energy. She says that research shows there are causes of moderate water pollution in the process of manufacturing solar cells (p.2).

In conclusion, the better life we demand, the more problem occur. Few decades ago, peoples faced the problem of shortage of coal. Therefore they found oil as new energy resource. Today, we face the problem of shortage of oil. Now, we have to find solution as fast as we can. Above all, we must not forget that we are harming the earth instead of industrial development. We have to find the solution which is friendly not only for human but also the earth.

Synthesis Practice

Our planet, the earth, is full of nature. Nowadays, however, the common sense has been changed. For example, U.S. is known as having many large national parks. However, by cutting down the trees in the park by lumber companies, the original ecosystem has been destroyed (Grant, 1995, page.102). Destruction of the ecosystem is also expanding other places in U.S. According to Donovan (1993), there are an enormous number of trees in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois (page.42). However, by pioneering by people the number of trees are decreasing (Donovan, 1993). The damaged place is not only forest. The Florida Everglades, the extensive wetlands, is also damaged by human (Connor, 1994, page.2).

People tend to focus on environmental problem such as global warming. In my opinion, we have to consider other effects. Only for our egoism, we have cut the trees. In the end, the effect of those acts would come back to us. Trees are source of oxygen. They also clean atmosphere. We can’t live without clean air. If the ecosystem is completely destroyed, we won’t be able to live usually. We have to think seriously not only for the earth but also for us.

Friday, August 05, 2005

Interview with one of the victims

Our group topic, “Violent Deer”, is about accidents that occurred on SIU campus this June. While people were walking in Thompson Woods, deer attacked people and injured them. That accident occurred successively. The total number of victims is seven, of which four were sent to hospital. Some of the causes of these accidents are human’s fault. Some people tried to touch a fawn. Another person tried to encourage a fawn to cross the street. However, some people were just walking and didn’t do anything.


On July 29th, I could interview with one of the victims. She is a secretary of SIU and the third victim of the accident. At that time, she was walking in Thompson Woods to the Agriculture Building. When she heard something in the woods, she looked back. There was a deer charging. The deer knocked her down on the ground and kicked her repeatedly. Eventually, she injured her back and knees and was cut behind her ear. She says she did nothing to the deer. She was just walking. “I understand the deer was so aggressive. Of course I’m angry at the deer sometimes. But I’m more angry at SIU”, she says. She mentions that SIU has not done anything to prevent the accident since it occurred. If the students and the other faculties are threatened to be injured, SIU must take deer to another wild wood, she claims. “It is good for human and deer”, she says. Before I heard the story, I thought that to live with on campus is good for deer. However, now I think this is not the best way for a solution. The wild animals and humans can’t live together at the same place in any way. Some people say the over-population of deer is the cause of these accidents. The best way of solution is taking them to another wood far away from humans. SIU should start working by the next fawning season. “I think it is good that there is a lot of nature and wild animals on campus, as long as they are not aggressive”, she said. She hasn’t walked in the woods since the accident.

Written by Rei

Deer attacks continue

In this article, Deer attacks continue, from Daily Egyptian, Murray.H reports that deer attacked six people on SIU campus. In one case, when traffic stopped and two people urged a doe and a fawn to cross the street. However, the doe felt danger and attacked. According to ecologist, a fawn is very young and can’t escape from danger at that time. Therefore, a doe is more aggressive and try to defend her baby (Murray.H June 14, 2005 para.8). Lastly, he advises students. "Do not approach wild animals, no matter how cute and cuddly they are" (para.11).

I was very surprised to see a deer on campus forest for the first time. And I thought that it is because there is a lot of nature in America and thought "How wonderful!" However, I didn’t know this problem. In my opinion, we can live together in campus. From different point of view, here is the safest place because there are few cars near the forest. It is good surrounding rather than other forest. In order to prevent such accident, some caution should be mentioned. Above all, it is the most important for us to be more careful during the fawning season.

Written by Rei

Monday, August 01, 2005

Japan tries to boost its workforce

In this article, "Japan tries to boost its workforce" the author reports that Japanese government makes women, young people, and retired people to participate to work. In Japan, the problem of decreasing the population of working-age has become serious. However, the government said, "It is not appropriate to import foreign workers." They also said that it would be for social security, crime prevention, and economic competitiveness.

This time, I want to discuss about my country in this class. I think this topic is familiar to us because we studied about population in core class. Nowadays, Japan faces the problem, which the population of working-age is decreasing. However, I don’t agree with their solution because Japan also faces the problem of declining of TFR (Total Fertility Rate). According to this article, it is 1.29 in 2003. If women became to work more, it would decrease more. However, I don’t want them to permit immigration. I think that once we accept immigration, Japanese would not be single nation anymore. I think that the best way of solving this problem is to encourage young people to work. If Japanese governments want more people for working, they should give them more chance to participate in society.

Written by Rei

Wednesday, July 20, 2005

Food for thought

In the article, “Food for thought”, from the Hindustan Times, the author warns the people in India by raising two problems. First is that the shortage of food is becoming more serious. The author claims that the population increases faster than the production of food does. In fact, an average rate of growth of agriculture is under 1.5%, which is lower than population growth that is 2.2% each year (Hindustan Times, 2005, para.3). In addition, 40% of Indians can’t eat enough food, the same as Sub-Saharan Africa where is known as the poorest place in the world (para.4). What is worse, until a couple years ago, India exported food to Europe and Japan as forage for pigs or cows instead of giving it to the people. The second problem is the people’s ignorance about this crisis. The author says that she is not sure whether politicians aware this problem or not. The author also claims we need to know that hundreds of millions are hungry even if the situation does not change.

First, in my experience, I have never slept with being hungry before. I always eat what I want and don’t eat what I don’t want. Nowadays every supermarkets and restaurants throw their surplus away without concern. We properly know that there are a lot of people who can’t eat enough in the world. Probably we feel sorry for that with eating something. These things can’t be solution. There are many things we can do now. For example, don’t excessively make meal or buying food only we can eat etc. If the situation which population increases more faster than food production is going on, we will be hunger not only in India also all over the world.

Second, I’m surprised that there are still people who don’t know this problem. The middle class Indians must not content their life without knowing this problem. Furthermore, the government must know its detail. The author says, “What are they doing about it ?” (para.8) The media should more and more tell the reality to the people.

Consequently, to help them, they have to face to the problem at first. After that, they should inform all over the world of the problem. The country that has surplus can’t be unable to support them. Distribution is the most important thing. We only need food correspond to the population. It shouldn’t be too much or less. Although it is difficult, we must try because there is not another way to solve.

Reference:
Food for thought (2005, May 28). Hindustan Times. Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/

Monday, July 18, 2005

State wants to weed out marijuana-flavor candy

In this article, State wants to weed out marijuana-flavor candy, the author wrote that Connecticut is considering to ban the marijuana-flavor candy from store. Five other states have already banned or are considering to ban the candy. According to the article, though the candy contains hemp essential oil, it doesn’t contain THC, the hallucinogenic compound in marijuana. However, attorney claims that it might glamorize drugs for children.

First, I surprised at existence of drugs flavored candy. And we can easily buy it even if children. Should it be banned because it is marijuana flavor? Or do you think it is “just candy”? I think it should be banned. It can be first step to start drugs not only children but also adults. Moreover, I don’t understand the reason for making it. I think it should be banned before selling or making.

Written by Rei

Thursday, July 14, 2005

Help the poor help themselves

In her article, “Help the poor help themselves”, Hughes mentions that certain ambitious strategies will help India’s poverty. Hughes refers to four strategies that India has. The first is demolishing houses of the poor. This strategy means “remove” the poor, rather than “decrease” the number of the poor. The second is called “trickle-down”(Hughes, 2005, para.7). The third is improving the social and physical conditions. And the last, the most ambitious strategy, is developing entrepreneurial abilities from the poor. It means that they help themselves. For example, there is a women’s program for teaching from education to housekeeping. They eventually aim to manage their own business. The other one is that one of a millionaire helps them by his wealth to lead designers, doctors, cultural institutes and top school. Finally Hughes insists that if India’s government and the poor entrepreneur achieve their goal, they could find their way to work on poverty problem.

Today, poverty is considered to be one of the most severe problems in developing countries. Because of lack of money, people who live there can’t have enough food and medical care. Therefore they died from hunger and preventable diseases. Although some of the governments of those countries are working on their problem, they haven’t solved it yet. To solve this kind of problem needs an enormous budget, so it will take a lot of time. However the problem and people can’t wait for a long time. Therefore it is important to start acting themselves.
Hughes claims that their final goal is to put back cheap or free service that they produce to the poor and more expensive services to the rich. I agree with this project and think it should be encouraged more, because they need to make a good cycle of wealth and provide it all the poor. I believe that such project will be the first step of independence. Finally, we should support from the education and health side and make them easier to help themselves as one of the members of advanced country .

Reference:
Hughes, K. (2005, May 9). Help the poor help themselves.
Retrieved July 7, 2005, from
http://web.lexis-nexis.com/